Quantitation of 4-oxo-4-(3-pyridyl)butanoic acid and enantiomers of 4- hydroxy-4-(3-pyridyl)butanoic acid in human urine: A substantial pathway of nicotine metabolism

Stephen S. Hecht, Dorothy K. Hatsukami, Leo E. Bonilla, J. Bradley Hochalter

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Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science