We developed a liquid chromatography-nanoelectrospray ionization-high-resolution tandem mass spectrometry (LC-NSI-HRMS/MS) method for simultaneous quantitative analysis of 5 oral cell DNA adducts associated with cigarette smoking: (8R/S)-3-(2′-deoxyribos-1′-yl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-8-hydroxypyrimido[1,2-a]purine-10(3H)-one (γ-OH-Acr-dGuo, 1) from acrolein; (6S,8S and 6R,8R)-3-(2′-deoxyribos-1′-yl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-8-hydroxy-6-methylpyrimido[1,2-a]purine-10(3H)-one [(6S,8S)γ-OH-Cro-dGuo, 2; and (6R,8R)γ-OH-Cro-dGuo, 3] from crotonaldehyde; 1,N6-etheno-dAdo (4) from acrylonitrile, vinyl chloride, lipid peroxidation, and inflammation; and 8-oxo-dGuo (5) from oxidative damage. Oral cell DNA was isolated in the presence of glutathione to prevent artifact formation. Clear LC-NSI-HRMS/MS chromatograms were obtained allowing quantitation of each adduct using the appropriately labeled internal standards. The accuracy and precision of the method were validated, and the assay limit of quantitation was 5 fmol/μmol dGuo for adducts 1-4 and 20 fmol/μmol for adduct 5. The assay was applied to 80 buccal cell samples selected from those collected in the Shanghai Cohort Study: 40 from current smokers and 40 from never smokers. Significant differences were found in all adduct levels between smokers and nonsmokers. Levels of 8-oxo-dGuo (5) were at least 3000 times greater than those of the other adducts in both smokers and nonsmokers, and the difference between amounts of this adduct in smokers versus nonsmokers, while significant (P = 0.013), was not as great as the differences of the other DNA adducts between smokers and nonsmokers (P-values all less than 0.001). No significant relationship of adduct levels to risk of lung cancer incidence was found. This study provides a new LC-NSI-HRMS/MS methodology for the quantitation of diverse DNA adducts resulting from exposure to the α,β-unsaturated aldehydes acrolein and crotonaldehyde, inflammation, and oxidative damage which are all associated with carcinogenesis. We anticipate application of this assay in ongoing studies of the molecular epidemiology of cancers of the lung and oral cavity related to cigarette smoking.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by grant CA-263084 from the U.S. National Cancer Institute. Mass spectrometry was carried out in the Analytical Biochemistry Shared Resource of the Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota, supported in part by Cancer Center Support Grant CA-077598. Salary support for Peter W. Villalta, head of the Analytical Biochemistry Shared Resource, was provided by U.S. National Cancer Institute Grant CA-211256. The Shanghai Cohort Study was supported by U.S. National Cancer Institute grants CA-043092, CA-144034, and CA-182876.
© 2023 American Chemical Society.
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article
- Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural