Objective The objective of this study was to demonstrate the utility of a healthcare data quality framework by using it to measure the impact of synthetic data quality issues on the validity of an eMeasure (CMS178—urinary catheter removal after surgery). Methods Data quality issues were artificially created by systematically degrading the underlying quality of EHR data using two methods: independent and correlated degradation. A linear model that describes the change in the events included in the eMeasure quantifies the impact of each data quality issue. Results Catheter duration had the most impact on the CMS178 eMeasure with every 1% reduction in data quality causing a 1.21% increase in the number of missing events. For birth date and admission type, every 1% reduction in data quality resulted in a 1% increase in missing events. Conclusion This research demonstrated that the impact of data quality issues can be quantified using a generalized process and that the CMS178 eMeasure, as currently defined, may not measure how well an organization is meeting the intended best practice goal. Secondary use of EHR data is warranted only if the data are of sufficient quality. The assessment approach described in this study demonstrates how the impact of data quality issues on an eMeasure can be quantified and the approach can be generalized for other data analysis tasks. Healthcare organizations can prioritize data quality improvement efforts to focus on the areas that will have the most impact on validity and assess whether the values that are reported should be trusted.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The clinical data repository used in this research was supported by grant number 1UL1RR033183 from the National Center for Research Resources (NCRR) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to the University of Minnesota Clinical and Translational Science Institute (CTSI).
© 2017 Schattauer.
- Data quality
- Data quality assessment
- Electronic health record