Quantifying soil erosion and sediment yield in a catchment in southern Brazil and implications for land conservation

Elizeu Jonas Didoné, Jean Paolo Gomes Minella, Gustavo Henrique Merten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Although agriculture represents about 30 % of Brazil’s GDP, there are few data at the catchment scale on land use, soil management, hydrology, and water quality. Materials and methods: This study aimed to investigate the connections between current soil management practices in the southern Brazilian Plateau and their impacts on soil erosion, sediment yield, and streamflow. The monitoring was performed in a rural catchment with significant evidence of soil erosion and surface runoff despite widespread use of no-till. Streamflow (Q) and suspended sediment concentration (SSC) were measured over 2 years (2011 and 2012). Results and discussion: The study shows that elevated gross erosion values in the catchment are associated with areas of potentially high surface runoff and low soil infiltration, possibly caused by inadequate soil management practices and excessive soil compaction. It was also noted that a large area in the catchment had higher soil loss rates than the limits considered acceptable for both the region and the tillage system. Conclusions: Results indicate that there are significant environmental problems associated with surface runoff and sediment yield under the no-till system of soil conservation as currently practiced in this catchment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2334-2346
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Soils and Sediments
Volume15
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2015

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors acknowledge the financial support granted by FAPERGS, CAPES, and CNPq, and the community of the Conceição River catchment who contributed to the development of this project. The authors also wish to thank Patricia Oliveira and Elena Metcalf for their help with this manuscript.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Keywords

  • Catchment
  • Modeling
  • Monitoring
  • No-tillage system
  • Sediment yield
  • Southern Brazil

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