Quantifying geometrically necessary dislocations in quartz using HR-EBSD: Application to chessboard subgrain boundaries

David Wallis, Andrew J. Parsons, Lars N. Hansen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study presents the first use of high-angular resolution electron backscatter diffraction (HR-EBSD) to quantitatively characterise geometrically necessary dislocations in quartz subgrain structures. HR-EBSD exploits cross-correlation of diffraction patterns to measure intragranular misorientations with precision on the order of 0.01° with well-constrained misorientation axes. We investigate the dislocation structures of chessboard subgrains in quartz within samples from the Greater Himalayan Sequence, Nepal. Our results demonstrate that chessboard subgrains are formed primarily from two sets of subgrain boundaries. One set consists primarily of {m}[c] edge dislocations, the other consists primarily of dislocations with <a> Burgers vectors. Apparent densities of geometrically necessary dislocations vary from > 1013 m−2 within some subgrain boundaries to < 1012 m−2 within subgrain interiors. The results suggest that at pressures above approximately 10 kbar, chessboard subgrains may form within the α-quartz stability field. Most importantly, this study demonstrates the potential of HR-EBSD as an improved method for analysis of intragranular microstructures in quartz that are used as indicators of deformation conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)235-247
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Structural Geology
Volume125
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank Holger St?nitz, J?rn Kruhl and Editor Joao Hippertt for helpful reviews. We are grateful to Geoff Lloyd, Rick Law, Mike Searle, and Richard Phillips for many helpful discussions on quartz deformation and the geology of the Himalaya. We thank Angus Wilkinson and Ben Britton for assistance with HR-EBSD. D. Wallis and L.N. Hansen acknowledge support from the Natural Environment Research Council Grant NE/M000966/1. A.J. Parsons acknowledges support from the Natural Environment Research Council (training grant NE/J50001X/1).

Funding Information:
We thank Holger Stünitz, Jörn Kruhl and Editor Joao Hippertt for helpful reviews. We are grateful to Geoff Lloyd, Rick Law, Mike Searle, and Richard Phillips for many helpful discussions on quartz deformation and the geology of the Himalaya. We thank Angus Wilkinson and Ben Britton for assistance with HR-EBSD. D. Wallis and L.N. Hansen acknowledge support from the Natural Environment Research Council Grant NE/M000966/1 . A.J. Parsons acknowledges support from the Natural Environment Research Council (training grant NE/J50001X/1 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 The Authors

Copyright:
Copyright 2019 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Chessboard subgrains
  • Geometrically necessary dislocations
  • HR-EBSD
  • Himalaya
  • Quartz

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