Quantification of microtubule stutters: dynamic instability behaviors that are strongly associated with catastrophe

Shant M. Mahserejian, Jared P. Scripture, Ava J. Mauro, Elizabeth J. Lawrence, Erin M. Jonasson, Kristopher S. Murray, Jun Li, Melissa Gardner, Mark Alber, Marija Zanic, Holly V. Goodson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Microtubules (MTs) are cytoskeletal fibers that undergo dynamic instability (DI), a remarkable process involving phases of growth and shortening separated by stochastic transitions called catastrophe and rescue. Dissecting DI mechanism(s) requires first characterizing and quantifying these dynamics, a subjective process that often ignores complexity in MT behavior. We present a Statistical Tool for Automated Dynamic Instability Analysis (STADIA) that identifies and quantifies not only growth and shortening, but also a category of intermediate behaviors that we term "stutters." During stutters, the rate of MT length change tends to be smaller in magnitude than during typical growth or shortening phases. Quantifying stutters and other behaviors with STADIA demonstrates that stutters precede most catastrophes in our in vitro experiments and dimer-scale MT simulations, suggesting that stutters are mechanistically involved in catastrophes. Related to this idea, we show that the anticatastrophe factor CLASP2γ works by promoting the return of stuttering MTs to growth. STADIA enables more comprehensive and data-driven analysis of MT dynamics compared with previous methods. The treatment of stutters as distinct and quantifiable DI behaviors provides new opportunities for analyzing mechanisms of MT dynamics and their regulation by binding proteins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)ar22
JournalMolecular biology of the cell
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2022

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

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