Quality of youth sport friendships: Measurement development and validation

Maureen R. Weiss, Alan L. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

91 Scopus citations


The role of peers has been neglected in research on youth psychosocial development in sport. The purpose of the present study was to develop and validate a measure of youth sport friendship quality for the purpose of facilitating such research. Dimensions and higher order themes found in Weiss, Smith, and Theeboom's (1996) qualitative study of sport friendships among children and adolescents, as well as a core set of items from previous research (Parker & Asher, 1993), were used to develop and refine items for a sport friendship quality scale. Over the course of three studies, content, factorial, and construct validity, as well as internal consistency and test-retest reliability, were demonstrated for the Sport Friendship Quality Scale (SFQS). Future research is recommended to examine the role of children's sport friendship quality on psychosocial development in the physical domain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)145-166
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999


  • Measurement
  • Peer relationships
  • Youth sport


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