Quality of life is improved and kidney function preserved in patients with nephropathic cystinosis treated for 2 years with delayed-release cysteamine bitartrate

Craig B. Langman, Larry A. Greenbaum, Paul Grimm, Minnie Sarwal, Patrick Niaudet, Georges Deschenes, Elisabeth A M Cornelissen, Denis Morin, Pierre Cochat, Ewa Elenberg, Christian Hanna, Segolene Gaillard, Mary Jo Bagger, Patrice Rioux

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23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives To determine the long-term effects of delayed-release cysteamine bitartrate (DR-CYS) based on our previous work that established the short-term noninferiority of DR-CYS every 12 hours compared with immediate-release cysteamine bitartrate every 6 hours. Study design We conducted a prospective, controlled, open label, single-arm study of DR-CYS for 2 years in 40 patients to assess efficacy in depletion of cystine in peripheral white blood cells, to assess the dose required to maintain white blood cell content of cystine <1 nmol cystine/mg protein, to measure quality of life using the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory, change in estimated glomerular filtration rate, and change in height Z-score. Results Through 24 months of study, the mean white blood cell content of cystine was always <1 nmol cystine/mg protein, and the dose of DR-CYS decreased from 43.5-40.1 mg/kg/d (P =.05), and the significant improvement in social function, school function, and in total function scores on the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory remained. The estimated glomerular filtration rate was maintained and growth velocity was maintained at 24 months compared with the baseline height Z-score. Conclusions The use of a DR-CYS administered every 12 hours to patients with cystinosis is of great benefit to their quality of life and to important biomarkers of disease control, when studied in a prospective, controlled fashion. We suggest that DR-CYS should be considered for substrate depletion in patients with cystinosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)528-533.e1
JournalJournal of Pediatrics
Volume165
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2014

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