Quality and inclusion in SDG 4

William C. Smith, Christopher J. Johnstone

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter examines the construction and early implementation of SDG 4 and asks if inclusion is indeed seen as essential for quality or if these concepts are treated independently. Often hailed as a milestone by advocates of inclusive education, as SDG 4 was put into practice, the big tent coalition and understanding of inclusion as quality appears to have broken down. This is, in part, due to the capture of quality in simplified, utilitarian terms. Five years into the SDGs renewed efforts are needed to move beyond competing agendas and re-center inclusion at the heart of quality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of Education
Subtitle of host publicationFourth Edition
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9780128186299
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


  • Humanistic
  • Inclusion
  • Inclusive education
  • Quality
  • SDG 4
  • Sustainable development goals
  • Utilitarian


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