An 81-year-old woman was admitted for symptomatic bradycardia. On admission, the ECG exhibited QRS alternans, narrow QRS complex and left bundle branch block with 2:1 AV block. The patient soon had complete AV block and underwent a pacemaker implantation. An appropriate mechanism for explaining those ECG findings might be 4:1 conduction over the left bundle branch and 2:1 conduction over the right bundle branch. An ECG pattern exhibiting QRS alternans with a narrow QRS complex and bundle branch block with 2:1 AV block may suggest the coexistence of both bundle branch blocks and a high risk of complete AV block.
- Atrioventricular conduction block
- Bundle branch block
- QRS alternans