Pyrolysis characteristics of hemicelluloses from bamboo stem

Zi Ping Yu, Hong Peng, Da Lin, Zheng Rong Hu, Na Wang, Jin Sheng Zhang, Yu Huan Liu, Rong Sheng Ruan

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle

5 Scopus citations


Water-soluble hemicelluloses HW and four alkali-soluble hemicellulosic fractions H1~H4 were sequentially extracted from six-month-old bamboo stem by distilled water, 2% NaOH and 5% KOH. The thermal pyrolysis behavior of the five hemicellulosic fractions was characterized by using thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) at the heating rate of 10°C/min, and the first-order reaction models were established in the fast pyrolysis temperature ranges. The fast decompositions of the five fractions happened in between 180~400°C with weight losses 33.91%~42.54%. The residue percentages were 34.52%~51.31% at the final temperature of 700°C. The activity energies of all the hemicelluloses fractions were quite low with the values of 26.068~51.938 kJ/mol. The activity energies of alkali-soluble fractions were higher than that of water-soluble fraction. The hemicellulosic fractions containing higher lignin residue exhibited higher activity energy and residue rate at the final temperature of pyrolysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages7
Specialist publicationChung-kuo Tsao Chih/China Pulp and Paper
StatePublished - Nov 1 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Bamboo stem
  • Hemicelluloses
  • Pyrolysis characteristics
  • Thermal gravimetric analysis

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