PVL: A framework for navigating the precision-variety trade-off in automated animation of smiles

Nicholas Sohre, Moses Adeagbo, Nathaniel E Helwig, Sofia Lyford-Pike, Stephen J Guy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Animating digital characters has an important role in computer assisted experiences, from video games to movies to interactive robotics. A critical challenge in the field is to generate animations which accurately reflect the state of the animated characters, without looking repetitive or unnatural. In this work, we investigate the problem of procedurally generating a diverse variety of facial animations that express a given semantic quality (e.g., very happy). To that end, we introduce a new learning heuristic called Precision Variety Learning (PVL) which actively identifies and exploits the fundamental trade-off between precision (how accurate positive labels are) and variety (how diverse the set of positive labels is). We both identify conditions where important theoretical properties can be guaranteed, and show good empirical performance in variety of conditions. Lastly, we apply our PVL heuristic to our motivating problem of generating smile animations, and perform several user studies to validate the ability of our method to produce a perceptually diverse variety of smiles for different target intensities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication32nd AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AAAI 2018
PublisherAAAI press
Pages884-892
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9781577358008
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018
Event32nd AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AAAI 2018 - New Orleans, United States
Duration: Feb 2 2018Feb 7 2018

Publication series

Name32nd AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AAAI 2018

Other

Other32nd AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AAAI 2018
CountryUnited States
CityNew Orleans
Period2/2/182/7/18

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