Putting it all Together: Evaluating Patellar Instability Risk Factors and Revisiting the “Menu”

Michaela I. McCarthy, Betina B. Hinckel, Elizabeth A. Arendt, Caitlin C. Chambers

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Management of the patient with multiple risk factors for recurrent patellar instability is complex. Surgeons must possess familiarity with the anatomic risk factors that are associated with first time and recurrent instability events and weigh them in the patient's individualized surgical "menu" options for surgical patellar stabilization. Addressing individual risk factors, pairing imaging findings with physical examination, and thoughts on prioritizing risk factors to determine which should be prioritized for surgical correction are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)109-121
Number of pages13
JournalClinics in Sports Medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Drs C.C. Chambers, B. Hinckel, and M.I. McCarthy have no relevant financial or nonfinancial interests to disclose. Dr E.A. Arendt's disclosures: American Journal of Sports Medicine: Editorial Board; International Society of Arthroscopy, Knee Surgery, and Orthopaedic Sports Medicine: Board or committee member; Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy; Editorial Board; Smith & Nephew: Paid consultant and educational speaker.


  • Anatomic patellar instability risk factors
  • Recurrent lateral patellar dislocation
  • Surgical “menu” options
  • Recurrence
  • Joint Instability/surgery
  • Humans
  • Risk Factors
  • Patellofemoral Joint/diagnostic imaging
  • Patellar Dislocation/diagnostic imaging

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Review
  • Journal Article


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