Putrescine: A Novel Inhibitor of Glycosylation‐Induced Cross‐Links in Laniinin

NICOS E. TSOPANOGLOU, CHRISTINE ZIOUDROU, Effie-Photini C Tsilibary, ARISTIDIS S. CHARONIS

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To determine whether putrescine, a naturally occuring polyamine, is able to prevent nonenzymatic glycosylation‐induced cross‐linking of basement membrane components. Cross‐linking, leading to the formation of advanced glycosylation end products (AGEs) has been proposed as a major mechanism contributing to structural and functional changes of the vascular wall, thus leading to microangiopathy. Methods: Laminin, a major basement membrane glycoprotein present in the microvasculature, was isolated and incubated in the presence of high glucose concentrations, in order to generate an in vitro diabetic environment. Putrescine was either present or absent from the incubation mixture. Formation of cross‐links was assessed by two independent methods: gel electrophoresis and development of characteristic fluorescence. Results: Putrescine inhibited in a dose‐dependent manner the formation of slower mobility bands in gel electrophoresis. Quantitation of the development of fluorescence characteristic of glycosylation‐induced cross‐links demonstrated that putrescine inhibited the formation of fluorescent products. Conclusions: Putrescine may be a promising compound for inhibition of protein cross‐linking and, therefore, could be used in the prevention of diabetic microangiopathy. 1995 Blackwell

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)283-287
Number of pages5
JournalMicrocirculation
Volume2
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1995

Keywords

  • Microvasculature
  • basement membrane
  • diabetes
  • nonenzymatic glycosylation

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