An inhibitor of the muscle calcium-activated proteinases has been purified from porcine skeletal muscle by using DEAE-cellulose column chromatography, thermal treatment, Sephacryl S-400 column chromatography in 6 M urea and Sephacryl S-300 column chromatography in 6 M urea. Sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide slab gel electrophoresis shows that the purified inhibitor is homogeneous and has a subunit molecular weight of 172000. The inhibitor inactivates both the low- and high-calcium-requiring forms of the calcium-activated proteinase but does not inhibit other proteinases against which it has been tried. It thus appears that the inhibitor is specific for the calcium-activated proteinase. Studies using homogeneous inhibitor and high-calcium-requiring proteinase show that one molecule of the inhibitor can inactive up to eight molecules of the calcium-activated proteinase. Inactivation of the calcium-activated proteinase by the inhibitor cannot be reversed by calcium concentrations as high as 25 mM, thus eliminating the possibility that the inhibitor functions by chelating calcium. The inhibitory peptide appears to be extremely susceptible to proteolysis during its isolation. Even in the presence of synthetic proteinase inhibitors different inhibitor preparations yield homogeneous inhibitory peptides ranging in molecular weight from 145000 to 172000. Preparative electrophoresis and column chromatography have been used to isolate putative proteolytic breakdown products of the 172 kDa peptide at 145, 114, 41 and 29 kDa.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)/Protein Structure and Molecular|
|State||Published - Mar 22 1985|
- (Porcine skeletal muscle)
- Inhibitor purification
- Proteinase inhibitor