Purdue stepped approach model: Application to pharmacy practice

David R. Black, Teri A. Loughead, Ronald S. Hadsall

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


The Purdue Stepped Approach Model (PSAM) of service delivery is applied to pharmacy practice. The PSAM offers a method to organize interventions in a systematic and sequential manner according to the amount and type of resources required to achieve optimal patient health status. The model also provides an approach to integrating the expertise of other healthcare professionals into the provision of pharmacy services (e.g., health educators, psychologists, nurse practitioners, exercise physiologists), addresses economic costs and differential modes of reimbursement, and provides suggestions for future research. Examples are included to facilitate application of the PSAM in pharmacy and implications for holistic healthcare or health promotion in pharmacy practice are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)164-168
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Pharmacotherapy
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1991

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