Pulsed laser deposition of YBCO coated conductor using Y2O 3 as the seed and cap layer

P. N. Barnes, R. M. Nekkanti, T. J. Haugan, T. A. Campbell, N. A. Yust, J. M. Evans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Although a variety of buffer layers have been routinely reported, a standard architecture commonly used for the YBa2Cu3O 7-x (YBCO) coated conductor is YBCO/CeO2/YSZ/CeO 2/substrate or YBCO/CeO2/YSZ/Y2O 3/substrate where ceria is typically the cap layer. CeO2 is generally used as only a seed (or cap layer) since cracking within the film occurs in thicker CeO2 layers due to the stress of lattice mismatching, Y2O3 has been proposed as a seed and as a cap layer but usually not for both in a given architecture, especially with all layers deposited in situ. Yttrium oxide films grown on nickel by electron beam evaporation processes were found to be dense and crack free with good epitaxy. In this report, pulsed laser deposition (PLD) of Y2O3 is given where Y2O3 serves as both the seed and cap layer in the YBCO architecture. A comparison to PLD CeO2 is provided. Deposited layers of the YBCO coated conductor are also grown by laser ablation. Initial deposition resulted in specimens on textured Ni substrates with current densities of more than 1 MA cm-2 at 77 K, self-field.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)957-962
Number of pages6
JournalSuperconductor Science and Technology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2004


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