A pulmonary vein occlusion and biopsy proven pulmonary veno-occlusive disease (PVOD) and hemangiomatosis is found in a bilateral lung transplant patient. A 61-year-old male presents with dyspnea and chest pain with minimal exertion at routine follow up on post-transplant day of 50. Chest CT demonstrates new occlusion of bilateral superior pulmonary veins and diffuse pulmonary edema. Pulmonary vein occlusion is confirmed by trans-esophageal echocardiogram, and PVOD and hemangiomatosis is corroborated with lung biopsy. Normal pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP) and reduced DLCO are also consistent with PVOD. Vigilant evaluation of large pulmonary venous thrombus is as important as of arterial thrombus in a postsurgical transplant status. A dedicated protocol of pulmonary venous phase scan would be beneficial to identify subtle pulmonary venous abnormalities. Although PVOD/PCH is normally considered in patients with nonspecific PAH symptoms, lacking of direct manifestation of PAH should not dismiss the diagnosis of PVOD/PCH, particularly in lung transplant individuals with large pulmonary vein occlusion, progressive respiratory symptoms, DLCO abnormalities, and pulmonary congestion since it may represent a wide spectrum of occlusive vascular disease.
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Case Reports