A growing body of anatomic findings has led investigators to suggest that peptide-containing pulmonary neuroendocrine cells may control pulmonary vascular tone. One such peptide, bombesin, has been found in increased quantities in the lungs of infants with pulmonary disorders that cause pulmonary hypertension. Therefore we studied the effect on pulmonary vascular tone of bombesin, and its C-terminal analog, gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP). Normotoxic and hypoxic unsedated newborn lambs with chronically implanted flow probes around the right and left pulmonary arteries were used. Bombesin and GRP were injected into one pulmonary artery only, and direct effects of these peptides were determined by comparing the flow changes in the injected vs. the uninjected lung. Bombesin had no measurable effect on pulmonary vascular resistance under any condition or at any dose (0.1-60 μg/kg). Systemic blood pressure increased significantly (12%) after a 10-μg/kg dose. GRP was devoid of any measurable hemodynamic effects, even at a dose of 10 μg/kg. If pulmonary neuroendocrine cells help regulate vascular resistance, bombesin does not appear to play a role.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Applied Physiology Respiratory Environmental and Exercise Physiology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1983|