Introduction/objectives: Pulmonary artery dissection is a rare complication following balloon valvuloplasty for pulmonic stenosis. We sought to report the rate of this complication in dogs and describe the demographic, clinical, procedural, and outcome data in affected dogs. Animals, materials and methods: Medical records at a single academic institution between 2002 and 2021 were reviewed for dogs with pulmonic stenosis treated by a balloon valvuloplasty. Dogs were included for evaluation if there was evidence of pulmonary artery dissection on echocardiography or necropsy following balloon valvuloplasty. The demographic, clinical, surgical, and follow-up information were then recorded. Results: Six dogs were included from 210 balloon valvuloplasty procedures for pulmonic stenosis giving a 3.9% rate of pulmonary dissection. There was a variety of signalment, pulmonary valve morphologies, and balloon catheter types used in each dog. All dogs had severe pulmonic stenosis (median pressure gradient of 208 mmHg, range 94–220 mmHg) with 5/6 dogs having a pressure gradient >144 mmHg. The median balloon to pulmonary valve annulus ratio was 1.35 (range 1.25–1.5). Three dogs died perioperatively, and three dogs were alive at follow up 3.3, 4.0, and 4.1 years postoperatively. Conclusion: Pulmonary artery dissection is a rare complication following balloon valvuloplasty for pulmonic stenosis. Extreme elevations in preoperative pulmonary valve flow velocity were common. Prognosis is variable, with a potential 50% perioperative survival rate, but extended survival times were noted in those patients discharged from hospital.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
- Pulmonic stenosis
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article