Public bicycle as a feeder mode to rail transit in China: The role of gender, age, income, trip purpose, and bicycle theft experience

Yanjie Ji, Yingling Fan, Alireza Ermagun, Xuening Cao, Wei Wang, Kirti Das

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

100 Scopus citations

Abstract

A marriage between public bicycle and rail transit presents new opportunities for sustainable transportation in Chinese cities. To examine determinants of public bicycle usage for rail transit access, an intercept survey of feeder mode choice among rail transit users was conducted near rail stations in Nanjing, China. Mode choice models were estimated with five feeder mode alternatives, including car, bus, walk, private bike, and public bike. By differentiating between public and private bicycle modes in the mode choice models, the study reveals the effects of personal demographics, trip characteristics, and station environments on public bicycle usage for rail transit access. Results show that female, older, and low-income rail commuters are less likely to use public bicycle to access rail transit. Rail commuters with bicycle theft experience and making school- or work-related trips are more likely to use public bicycle to access rail transit. Land use variables are largely insignificant in this study except that density shows a positive relationship with walking to rail transit. The results on demographic differences raise equity concerns when it comes to investing in public bicycle systems. Policy implications are discussed for Chinese cities to equitably boost public bicycle integration with rail transit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)308-317
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Sustainable Transportation
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 21 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No.51338003), the NSFC-RCUK_EPSRC Program (Grant No.5151101143), and the National Key Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2012CB725402).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Keywords

  • Bike-share
  • equity
  • gender
  • integration
  • mode choice
  • rail transit

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