Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank David Krane and Humphrey Taylor for their help in carrying out the survey used for this study, and Angela Behrens, Michael Sauder, and Sara Wakefield for research assistance. Paper reviewers, especially Peter Miller, provided very helpful comments on an earlier version. This research was supported by grants from the National Science Foundation (#9819015), the Individual Project Fellowship Program of the Open Society Institute, and the Institute for Policy Research at Northwestern University. Address correspondence to Jeff Manza; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.