Psychological well-being in midlife following early childhood intervention

Christina F. Mondi, Arthur J. Reynolds

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The present study is the first to examine the relations between participation in a public early childhood intervention (the Child-Parent Center (CPC) program) and psychological well-being (or, positive functioning) into early mid-life. Data are drawn from the Chicago Longitudinal Study (CLS), which has followed a cohort of 1,539 individuals who grew up in urban poverty for over four decades. Approximately two-thirds of the original study cohort participated in the CPC program in early childhood; the rest comprise a demographically matched comparison group. Participants’ psychological functioning at age 35-37 was assessed using the Ryff Scales of Psychological Wellbeing. Results support a positive relationship between CPC preschool participation and long-term psychological wellbeing. Moderated mediation (e.g., whether CPC effects on wellbeing differ across subgroups) and potential mechanisms across multiple social-ecological levels (according to the 5-Hypothesis Model of early intervention) are also empirically investigated. Future directions for child development research, early childhood intervention, and public policy are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)357-382
Number of pages26
JournalDevelopment and psychopathology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 24 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Data collection was supported by NICHD grant R01HD034294-24. The first author’s work was funded by a Doris Duke Fellowship for the Promotion of Child Well-Being. The views and findings presented herein do not necessarily reflect the views of the Doris Duke Fellowship.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s), 2022. Published by Cambridge University Press.


  • early childhood education
  • mechanisms of early intervention
  • poverty
  • preschool
  • psychological wellbeing

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't


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