Problem: There is little understanding of adolescent appraisal of stress and crisis intmention for adolescents who are exposed to major stress such as that of a natural disaster. Methods: A description of the psychological evaluations, referals, and follow-up assessments made by nurse practitioners (NPs) and a nurse psychotherapist (NPT) of adolescents CN = 507) in two South Carolina high schools who experienced Hurricane Hugo. Findings: The NPs' evaluations concluded that 63 adolescents (12%) exhibited symptoms of psychological distress. The NPs refmed 36 of these adolescents to high school counselors for minor distress or school-relafed problems and 27 for more intensive clinical evaluation by an NPT. Of the 27 adolescents who were referred to the NPT, 10 had symptoms associated with adolescent adjustment reaction, 8 showed symptoms of depression, 5 revealed symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, and 4 complained of serious family problems. Conclusions: Based on these data and the mental processes described by these adolescents, the authors propose a model and suggest adolescent appraisal of stress and crisis is a critical issue to consider when interuening with adolescents who are exposed to major stressors, including those associated with a disaster.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1997|
- Adolescent disaster stress
- Adolescent stress and coping
- Psychological distress