Psychological assessment with the DSM-5 alternative model for personality disorders: Tradition and innovation

Mark H. Waugh, Christopher J. Hopwood, Robert F. Krueger, Leslie C. Morey, Aaron L. Pincus, Aidan G.C. Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations


The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) Section III Alternative Model for Personality Disorders (AMPD; APA, 2013) represents an innovative system for simultaneous psychiatric classification and psychological assessment of personality disorders (PD). The AMPD combines major paradigms of personality assessment and provides an original, heuristic, flexible, and practical framework that enriches clinical thinking and practice. Origins, emerging research, and clinical application of the AMPD for diagnosis and psychological assessment are reviewed. The AMPD integrates assessment and research traditions, facilitates case conceptualization, is easy to learn and use, and assists in providing patient feedback. New as well as existing tests and psychometric methods may be used to operationalize the AMPD for clinical assessments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)79-89
Number of pages11
JournalProfessional Psychology: Research and Practice
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
MARK H. WAUGH AND CHRISTOPHER J. HOPWOOD took lead in orchestrating the substantive contributions of all authors. Opinions expressed by Mark H. Waugh are his and do not reflect the position of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, UT-Battelle, LLC, or the U.S. Department of Energy. Aidan Wright's effort on this project was supported by a grant from the National Institute of Mental Health (L30 MH101760). The opinions expressed are solely those of the authors and not necessarily those of the funding source.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 American Psychological Association.


  • DSM-5
  • Level of Personality Functioning Scale
  • PID-5
  • Personality assessment
  • Personality disorders


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