Psychoeducational methods for patients suffering from depression: The knowledge seeking instrument (KSI)

Adel Gabriel, Claudio Violato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Objective: To develop and psychometrically assess a short instrument that can be easily used in clinical practice to measure knowledge-seeking behavior in patients suffering from depression. Method: We developed the knowledge seeking instrument (KSI), a self-report scale of three items to assess the number of hours spent in knowledge seeking behavior such as reading written materials, surfing the internet, or watching audio-visual tools. Experts in mood disorders (n = 12) participated in the formal validity assessment of the instrument, and the developed instrument was administered to outpatients who were attending psychiatry clinic (n = 63). All patients also completed a multiple choice question instrument to measure knowledge of depression, a Likert self report questionnaire to assess attitudes towards depression and its treatment, and an adherence to antidepressants scale. Results: In addition to the empirical evidence for validity, there was 68% agreement among experts that the items were highly relevant in measuring behavior of knowledge seeking, providing evidence for content validity. There were significant correlations (p < 0.05) between knowledge of psychological and biological treatments of depression and knowledge seeking reading scores. The internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's alpha) was 0.67 for the instrument. Conclusion and significance: The KSI takes 2 min to complete. There is evidence for reliability, content, and criterion based concurrent validities. The KSI can be utilized to assess knowledge seeking behavior in patients with depression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)406-412
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Issue number3
StatePublished - Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research project was supported by a research grant from the University of Calgary.


  • Audiovisual
  • Depression
  • Knowledge
  • Pamphlet
  • Videos
  • Web based


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