Psychoacoustic equivalence of frequency modulation and quasi-frequency modulation

Brent W. Edwards, Neal F. Viemeister

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Frequency modulation (FM) is known to be reasonably approximated by quasi-frequency modulation (QFM) for small modulation indices, /?, but the range of P for which this approximation is appropriate is unclear. Thresholds for discrimination between FM and QFM with equal j£Fs are obtained in order to estimate an upper bound on ft for determining when this approximation is valid psychoacoustically, i.e., when FM and QFM are indiscriminable. At low modulation frequencies (/m4 Hz), QFM is never a valid approximation to FM at any detectable modulation level since discrimination thresholds are below FM detection thresholds. For modulation frequencies between 8 and 32 Hz, discrimination thresholds are approximately —2.5 dB (20 log (3) and can be accounted for by detection of envelope fluctuations in the QFM signal. For modulation frequencies at 64 Hz and above, discrimination thresholds improve with increasing modulation frequency in the same manner as FM and QFM detection thresholds. Discrimination in this frequency region seems to be mediated by detection of the component 2fm Hz below the carrier, i.e., by the most detectable component in the FM signal which does not occur in the QFM signal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1510-1513
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1994

Bibliographical note

Copyright 2016 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


Dive into the research topics of 'Psychoacoustic equivalence of frequency modulation and quasi-frequency modulation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this