Pseudoscalar perturbations and polarization of the cosmic microwave background

Maxim Pospelov, Adam Ritz, Constantinos Skordis

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51 Scopus citations

Abstract

We show that models of new particle physics containing massless pseudoscalar fields superweakly coupled to photons can be very efficiently probed with CMB polarization anisotropies. The stochastic pseudoscalar fluctuations generated during inflation provide a mechanism for converting E-mode polarization to B-mode during photon propagation from the surface of last scattering. The efficiency of this conversion process is controlled by the dimensionless ratio H/(2πfa), where H is the Hubble scale during inflation, and fa-1 is the strength of the pseudoscalar coupling to photons. The current observational limits on the B mode constrain this ratio to be less than 0.07, which in many models of inflation translates to a sensitivity to fa exceeding 1014GeV, which surpasses other tests.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number051302
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume103
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 6 2009
Externally publishedYes

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