Reconstruction of the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) has been increasing as a surgical solution for treatment of recurrent lateral patellofemoral dislocation. Recent attention has been given to fibers extending from the femur to the quadriceps tendon, proximal to the MPFL, termed the medial quadriceps tendon-femoral ligament. This article briefly reviews the proximal medial patellar restraints and surgical procedures for their reconstruction.
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All authors contributed substantially in writing, reviewing, and editing the manuscript; additionally, all authors have read and approved the final manuscript. Individual contributions are as follows: PF—literature review, data acquisition, data analysis, data interpretation, supervision, BK—literature review, data acquisition, data analysis, data interpretation, SP—literature review, data acquisition, data analysis, data interpretation, MB—supervision, validation, PR—supervision, EA—study design, data interpretation, conceptualization, data curation, supervision, validation. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. Not applicable. The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Data sharing is not applicable to this article, as no datasets were generated or analyzed during the course of preparing this narrative review. Not applicable. Not applicable. No external sources of funding were sought or secured for this research. Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
- Medial patellar femoral ligament
- Patellar instability
- Proximal medial patellar restraints
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article