Proximal medial patellar restraints and their surgical reconstruction

Paolo Ferrua, Bradley M. Kruckeberg, Stefano Pasqualotto, Massimo Berruto, Pietro Randelli, Elizabeth A. Arendt

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Reconstruction of the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) has been increasing as a surgical solution for treatment of recurrent lateral patellofemoral dislocation. Recent attention has been given to fibers extending from the femur to the quadriceps tendon, proximal to the MPFL, termed the medial quadriceps tendon-femoral ligament. This article briefly reviews the proximal medial patellar restraints and surgical procedures for their reconstruction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number17
JournalJournal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, The Author(s).


  • Medial patellar femoral ligament
  • Patellar instability
  • Proximal medial patellar restraints


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