Proton NMR Studies of Nucleotide and Amine Storage in the Dense Granules of Pig Platelets

Kâmil Uĝurbil, Miriam H. Fukami, Holm Holmsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


1H NMR measurements have been conducted at 360 MHz on isolated pig platelet dense granules. Resonances of the H8, H2 protons of the adenine ring, H1’ protons of the ribose moiety, and the aromatic hydrogens of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5HT) have been identified in spectra of intact dense granules. Like the 31P resonances of the nucleotides contained in the dense granules (Uĝurbil et al., 1984), the line widths and the intensities of these resonances were sensitive to sample temperature and osmolarity of the suspension medium. Their chemical shifts indicate that 5HT in the granule interior is predominantly bound to the nucleotides through ring-stacking interactions. Association of 5HT with the nucleotides was also confirmed by the presence of intermolecular nuclear Overhauser effect (NOE) between 5HT and nucleotide protons. Large and negative intermolecular NOÉs observed among the nucleotide H8, H2 and H1’ protons, together with upfield shifts undergone by these protons within the dense granules, demonstrate that the nucleotides form a complex where they are in close proximity of each other. The formation of this complex apparently does not require the presence of amines since removal of 5HT and histamine did not change the chemical shifts of the nucleotide protons. From T1 and T2 data, rotational correlation time of 4 ns was calculated for the nucleotides in the dense granule interior at 35 °C. A resonance tentatively identified as H2 of histamine was found to shift upon manipulation of the intragranular pH; it was used as an indicator of pH changes within the granule interior during 5HT uptake and showed that 5HT accumulation increases the intragranular pH. These results demonstrate that 5HT is first taken up in response to the inside acidic pH gradient across the granule membrane and is subsequently sequestered in a matrix formed by the divalent cations and the nucleotides.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)416-428
Number of pages13
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1984


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