Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease, characterized by a combination of abnormal proliferation of keratinocytes, immunology and vascular proliferation. Proteomic analyses have revealed some clues regarding the pathogenesis of psoriasis. In the present study, we conducted an investigation of different proteomes of psoriatic lesional skin, and compared them with those of normal and nonlesional psoriatic skin. We performed 2-D gel electrophoresis, liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/ MS) analysis and database searches. Expression of proteins were evaluated by immunoblot and immunohistochemistry analyses. Our data showed differential expression of 74 and 145 protein spots in non-lesional and lesional psoriatic skin, respectively. Eleven of 36 proteins, which were identified by LC-MS/MS, were categorized as apoptosis-regulating proteins. Other protein spots were categorized as proteins with involvement in the negative regulation of apoptosis, defense response-related proteins and inflammatory response. Of particular interest, increased expression of glutathione S transferase 1 (GSTP1) and peroxiredoxin 2 (PRDX2), which are involved in the Redox balance system, and SFN, which is involved in the cellular proliferation system, was observed in psoriatic lesional skin. Localization of GSTP1 and SFN was observed above the middle layer of the epidermis in psoriatic skin lesions. Expression of PRDX2 was clearly observed below the middle layer of the epidermis in chronic type psoriatic skin lesions. Taken together, 36 identified proteins were associated with biological regulation, including regulation of cell death, defense response, inflammatory response and reactive oxygen species (ROS) regulation. PRDX2 and GSTP1 may play roles in compensating mechanisms for reduction of ROS stress, and SFN may play roles in prevention of cancer development in proliferating cells through G2/M cell cycle arrest upon accidental DNA damage within psoriatic skin lesions.