A protein precipitation method for the determination of tannins has been developed. The protein in the tannin-protein complexes was measured using the ninhydrin assay of amino acids released by alkaline hydrolysis of the complex. Standard protein and the complex were hydrolyzed with 13.5 n NaOH at 120°C for 20 min and the amino acids released were measured with ninhydrin. Tannins did not interfere in the determination of protein by ninhydrin assay. The bovine serum albumin (BSA) precipitated (y;mg) increased linearly with increase in tannic acid (x) from 0.2 to 0.9 mg (y = 2.598x - 0.258). The protein precipitation capacities (mg BSA precipitated/g dry wt) measured by the method for young and mature leaves of oaks were Quercus incana (young, 42.21; mature, 79.51), Q. ilex (young, 1.86; mature, 1.86), and Q. semecarpifolia (young, 733.54; mature, 304.32). The method can provide valuable information on the mechanisms of protein-tannin interactions and nutritional and physiological significances of tannins.
- protein-tannin complex
- tannin determination