We investigated the chemoprotective effects of four common constituents of the human diet, i.e. a fermented milk, inulin, oligofructose and Brussels sprouts, towards 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (IQ)-induced genotoxicity in male Fischer 344 rats harbouring a human intestinal microflora. We found that the four dietary components significantly reduced IQ-induced DNA damage in hepatocytes (reduction ranged from 74% with inulin to 39% with Brussels sprouts) and colonocytes (reduction ranged from 68% with inulin to 56% with Brussels sprouts). This chemoprotective effect correlated with the induction of hepatic UDP-glucuronosyl transferase following Brussels sprouts consumption, and with alterations of bacterial metabolism in the distal gut (acidification, increase of butyrate proportion, decrease of β-glucuronidase activity) following inulin consumption.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences|
|State||Published - Mar 25 2004|
- 2-Amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f] quinoline
- Fermented milk