We assessed the effect of acidosis on cell killing during anoxia and reoxygenation in cultured rat neonatal cardiac myocytes. After 4.5 hours of anoxia and glycolytic inhibition with 2-deoxyglucose, loss of viability was >90% at pH 7.4. In contrast, at pH 6.2-7.0, viability was virtually unchanged. To model changes of pH and oxygenation during ischemia and reperfusion, myocytes were made anoxic at pH 6.2 for 4 hours, followed by reoxygenation at pH 7.4. Under these conditions, reoxygenation precipitated loss of viability to about half the cells. When pH was increased to 7.4 without reoxygenation, similar lethal injury occurred. No cell killing occurred after reoxygenation at pH 6.2. We conclude that acidosis protects against lethal anoxic injury, and that a rapid return from acidotic to physiologic pH contributes significantly to reperfusion injury to cardiac myocytes-a 'pH paradox'.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Sep 16 1991|