Six liposomal Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) bacterins, differing in charge and size, and two oil-emulsion vaccines (sonicated and non-sonicated) were given to white leghorns in two doses, at 13 weeks and again 1 month later. At 21 weeks of age, all chickens were challenged with a viable 20-hour culture of MG cells (17,800 colony-forming units) intratracheally and with nonviable MG organisms (0.09 mg protein) injected subcutaneously in the wattle center. The three chicken groups that had the lowest tracheal MG-infection rates postchallenge were those given adjuvants of small multilamellar positively charged liposomes (16.67%), large multilamellar negatively charged liposomes (16.67%), and non-sonicated oil-emulsion bacterin (37.5%). These three groups also had significant levels of antibody in sera 4 weeks after the second dose of vaccine. The group given the small multilamellar positively charged liposome also showed significant delayed-type hypersensitivity (wattle swelling) (P less than or equal to 0.05). The group given the large multilamellar negatively charged liposomes had the highest local antibody response (P less than or equal to 0.01) and was the only group that had no microscopic lesions in the trachea.