Recent advances in cell-free systems have opened up new capabilities in synthetic biology from rapid prototyping of genetic circuits and metabolic pathways to portable diagnostics and biomanufacturing. A current bottleneck in cell-free systems, especially those employing non-E. coli bacterial species, is the required use of plasmid DNA, which can be laborious to construct, clone, and verify. Linear DNA templates offer a faster and more direct route for many cell-free applications, but they are often rapidly degraded in cell-free reactions. In this study, we evaluated GamS from λ-phage, DNA fragments containing Chi-sites, and Ku from Mycobacterium tuberculosis for their ability to protect linear DNA templates in diverse bacterial cell-free systems. We show that these nuclease inhibitors exhibit differential protective activities against endogenous exonucleases in five different cell-free lysates, highlighting their utility for diverse bacterial species. We expect these linear DNA protection strategies will accelerate high-throughput approaches in cell-free synthetic biology.
- cell-free expression systems
- linear DNA
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article
- Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
- Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
- Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural