Protecting and Restoring Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter considers two widespread conservation strategies, protected areas and ecological restoration, while briefly mentioning a few additional strategies. It describes how protecting biodiversity can also help protect ecosystem functioning and services. The chapter also describes how increasing the levels of biodiversity in restoration schemes can increase their efficacy. Protected areas are one of the primary strategies for conserving biodiversity worldwide. Protected areas have been implemented in a variety of ways, and with various levels of protection, but all are places where people seek to conserve nature. Protecting biodiversity can help protect ecosystem services that are co-located with biodiversity. Natural climate solutions, including tree planting, will be most effective if they are implemented with high levels of plant diversity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Ecological and Societal Consequences of Biodiversity Loss
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9781119902911
ISBN (Print)9781789450729
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© ISTE Ltd 2022.


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