This chapter considers two widespread conservation strategies, protected areas and ecological restoration, while briefly mentioning a few additional strategies. It describes how protecting biodiversity can also help protect ecosystem functioning and services. The chapter also describes how increasing the levels of biodiversity in restoration schemes can increase their efficacy. Protected areas are one of the primary strategies for conserving biodiversity worldwide. Protected areas have been implemented in a variety of ways, and with various levels of protection, but all are places where people seek to conserve nature. Protecting biodiversity can help protect ecosystem services that are co-located with biodiversity. Natural climate solutions, including tree planting, will be most effective if they are implemented with high levels of plant diversity.
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