Prosthetic Valve Replacement in Children: Results in 44 Patients

Leonard C. Blieden, Aldo R. Castaneda, Demetre M. Nicoloff, C. Walton Lillehei, James H Moller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


This report presents an experience with 44 children, including 9 less than 5 years of age, who were operated upon for replacement of a cardiac valve. Our early operative mortality was 60%, whereas in the past 4 years it has been only 30%. We have operated only on significantly symptomatic children for whom no other therapy was available. From our experience, we cannot judge the necessity of anticoagulants. No patients have required a second operation because the valve has been outgrown, although several patients who underwent mitral valve replacement have had postoperative gradients across the prosthesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)545-552
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1972

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
From the Departments of Pediatrics and Surgery, The University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minn. This study was supported by The Dwan Family Fund. Accepted €or publication March 21, 1972. Address reprint requests to Dr. Moller, Box 447, University of Minnesota Hospitals, Minneapolis, Minn. 55455.


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