Angiotensin-(1-7) is a predominant metabolite of angiotensin I in brain tissue. Its neuromodulatory and prostaglandin (PG) synthesizing capabilities were investigated in the rabbit isolated vas deferens. This metabolite had no significant effect as a neuromodulator, however it increased PGE synthesis in the vasa deferentia with a potency equivalent to that of angiotensin II. The angiotensin-(1-7) has a unique spectrum of activity among the angiotensin peptides to selectively increase PG synthesis. It could be useful in defining the relevance of angiotensin-induced PG synthesis in various systems, particularly in neuronal tissue. Angiotensin-(1-7) potentially could be useful in defining angiotensin receptor subtypes, as well.