Prostaglandin catabolism in fetal and maternal tissues - A study of 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase and Δ13 reductase with specific assay methods

Michael Y Tsai, S. Einzig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent studies have demonstrated that extraductal tissues such as lung are important sources of prostaglandin E2 which maintains the patency of ductus arteriosus in fetuses and prematurely-born infants. Also, organs such as lung are known to be active in the catabolism of PGE2. Earlier studies of enzymes involved in the catabolism of PGE2 such as 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (15-PGDH) and Δ13 reductase all used non-specific methods. In the present report, we studied 15-PGDH in fetal and maternal rat lung, kidney, and fetal lamb lung, kidney and ductus arteriosus with the use of a specific substrate (15-S)-[153H-PGE2]. In addition, we measured the activity of Δ13 reductase in these tissues by measuring the conversion of [1-14C]-15-keto PGE2 to [1-14C]-15-keto-13,14-dihydro PGE2. The results from these studies demonstrated that in fetal rat lung and kidney, 15-PGDH activities increased rapidly while Δ13 reductase remained unchanged during late gestation. Ductus arteriosus possessed little 15-PGDH activities. These results strongly suggest that extraductal regulation of PGE2 metabolism is important in determining ductal caliber in fetuses and prematurely delivered neonates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-30
Number of pages6
JournalProstaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1989

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
expert technical assistanceT. his study was supportedb y a grant from the American Heart Association, Minnesota Affiliate.

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