Prospective study of tympanic membrane retraction, hearing loss, and multifrequency tympanometry

Y. Li, L. L. Hunter, R. H. Margolis, S. C. Levine, B. Lindgren, K. Daly, G. S. Giebink

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tympanic membrane retraction is a significant sequela of OME and has been linked clinically to atelectasis, ossicular erosion, and cholesteatoma. We investigated important factors for prediction of tympanic membrane retraction in a prospective study of 112 children. After 4 to 6 years of follow-up, 12% of ears had pars tensa retraction without atrophy, and 28% had various degrees of retraction with atrophy. Mild pars flaccida retraction was present in 23%, and severe pars flaccida retraction was present in 12%. Retraction severity was related to hearing level and multifrequency tympanometry. Three factors were significantly related to retraction severity: type of tube, male sex, and percent of visits in the second year with abnormal tympanograms. This study shows that type of tube was the most important factor in long-term outcome after tympanostomy tube treatment of OME.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)514-522
Number of pages9
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Volume121
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Prospective study of tympanic membrane retraction, hearing loss, and multifrequency tympanometry'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Li, Y., Hunter, L. L., Margolis, R. H., Levine, S. C., Lindgren, B., Daly, K., & Giebink, G. S. (1999). Prospective study of tympanic membrane retraction, hearing loss, and multifrequency tympanometry. Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, 121(5), 514-522. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0194-5998(99)70049-5