Prospective Predictors of Body Dissatisfaction in Young Adults: 10-Year Longitudinal Findings

Virginia Quick, Marla E. Eisenberg, Michaela M. Bucchianeri, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study identified longitudinal risk factors for body dissatisfaction (BD) over a 10-year period from adolescence to young adulthood. Participants (N = 2,134; age at baseline: M = 15.0, SD = 1.6 years) provided two waves of survey data. A six-step hierarchical linear regression analysis examined the predictive contribution of Time 1 BD, weight status, demographics, family and peer environmental factors, and psychological factors. Among females, Asian race/ethnicity, low self-esteem, greater BD, and higher body mass index (BMI) during adolescence contributed significantly to predicting greater BD at 10-year follow up (R2 = .27). Among males, demographics (i.e., Asian, other-mixed ethnicity, education attainment), depressive symptoms, greater BD, higher BMI, more parent communication, and less peer weight teasing during adolescence contributed to BD at follow-up (R2 = .27). Findings indicate who may be at greatest risk of BD in young adulthood and the types of factors that should be addressed during adolescence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)271-282
Number of pages12
JournalEmerging Adulthood
Volume1
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2013

Fingerprint

young adult
Young Adult
adolescence
Body Mass Index
Demography
adulthood
ethnicity
Self Concept
Longitudinal Studies
Linear Models
psychological factors
Communication
Body Weight
Regression Analysis
Depression
Psychology
Education
Weights and Measures
self-esteem
environmental factors

Keywords

  • health
  • longitudinal
  • mental health
  • prevention
  • well-being

Cite this

Prospective Predictors of Body Dissatisfaction in Young Adults : 10-Year Longitudinal Findings. / Quick, Virginia; Eisenberg, Marla E.; Bucchianeri, Michaela M.; Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne.

In: Emerging Adulthood, Vol. 1, No. 4, 12.2013, p. 271-282.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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