Background Inter-individual variability of pharmacokinetics may account for unpredictable toxicities of docetaxel. Methods From March 2007 to June 2008, female patients with operable lymph node-positive breast cancer receiving docetaxel-containing adjuvant chemotherapy were included in this study. The 4 cycles of planned dose of docetaxel (100 mg/m 2) was performed as adjuvant chemotherapy, following 4 cycles of adriamycin and cyclophosphamide. We evaluated toxicity profile of docetaxel and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of CYP3A5 gene, ABCB1 gene, ABCC2 gene and SCLO1B3 gene. Toxicities during treatment of docetaxel were evaluated and defined according to the NCI CTCAE version 3.0. Results Pharmacogenetic analysis was performed in 218 Korean women who had received the uniformly planned chemotherapy. With regard to ABCB1 3435 C>T, ABCB1 3435 T/T had significantly higher risks of neutropenia (P = 0.015). Meanwhile, allele frequencies for CYP3A5 6986 G and ABCB1 3435 T revealed a trend for neutropenia (P = 0.107 and 0.068). We could not Wnd any other association between genotypes and other toxicities. Discussion Although ABCB1 3435 T/T was significantly associated with docetaxel-related neutropenia in our study population, polymorphism of pharmacogenetic genes related to docetaxel metabolism did not appear to be evidently associated with docetaxel-related adverse events.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Acknowledgments This study was supported by a grant of Asan Institute of Life Sciences, Republic of Korea (07-430).
- Adjuvant chemotherapy
- Breast cancer