Promotions as competitive reactions to recalls and their consequences

Chen Zhou, Shrihari Sridhar, Rafael Becerril-Arreola, Tony H Cui, Yan Dong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Firms may profit from responding to competitors’ product recalls, but relatively little is known about the nature and efficacy of these reactions. The authors empirically (1) test the link between a major recall (by Toyota) in the automobile context and competitors’ promotional responses and (2) assess the effectiveness of promotional responses and how it varies across brand tiers. They find that though Toyota recalls induced competitive promotions of approximately $850 on average, the competitive promotional reactions did not significantly affect sales on average. However, the results differ substantially by brand tiers. While 50% of premium brands increased promotions, only 36% of nonpremium brands did so. Among premium brands, 86% benefited from promotional reactions; in contrast, the effects of promotions on sales were nonsignificant or even negative for most nonpremium brands. These findings suggest that well-established results on promotional behaviors and their effectiveness may not hold in the context of recalls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)702-722
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of the Academy of Marketing Science
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 15 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgements The authors thank the Darla Moore School of Business for financial support. They also thank Gary Lilien, Marnik Dekimpe, Venkatesh Shankar, Linli Xu, Yi Zhu, Seshadri Tirunillai, Cem Ozturk, Fue Zeng, and participants at the Marketing Science Conference 2016 for their valuable comments.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, Academy of Marketing Science.


  • Competitive reactions
  • Product recalls
  • Promotions
  • Quasi experiments


Dive into the research topics of 'Promotions as competitive reactions to recalls and their consequences'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this