Promotion of strongly anchored dyes on the surface of titania by tetraethyl orthosilicate treatment for enhanced solar cell performance

Hyosung An, Donghoon Song, Joosub Lee, Eun Mi Kang, Justyn Jaworski, Jong Man Kim, Yong Soo Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) is employed as an equilibrium shifting agent for the esterification reaction between the carboxylic acid of the amphiphilic Z907 dye and Ti-OH on the mesoscopic TiO2 surface in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). We demonstrate that TEOS treatment of the Z907-dyed TiO2 film increases the amount of strongly anchored dyes, and also improves the electron diffusion length (Ln). Consequently, the cell provides a remarkable short-circuit current density (Jsc) enhanced by 22% (9.0 → 11.0 mA cm-2) and the total power conversion efficiency increased by 14% (4.9 → 5.6%) under 1 sun (AM 1.5, 100 mW cm-2), even with less than half the amount of adsorbed dye as compared to the reference. Therefore, TEOS treatment seems to be effective in increasing the power conversion efficiency along with increasing the concentration of the strongly anchored dye, specifically when using an amphiphilic dye such as Z907.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2250-2255
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume2
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 21 2014

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