Project ARM: Alcohol Risk Management to prevent sales to underage and intoxicated patrons

Traci L. Toomey, Alexander C. Wagenaar, John P. Gehan, Gudrun Kilian, David M. Murray, Cheryl L. Perry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations


Clear policies and expectations are key to increasing responsible service of alcohol in licensed establishments. Few training programs focus exclusively on owners and managers of alcohol establishments to reduce the risk of alcohol service. Project ARM: Alcohol Risk Management is a one-on-one consultation program for owners and managers. Participants received information on risk level, policies to prevent illegal sales, legal issues, and staff communication. This nonrandomized demonstration project was implemented in five diverse bars. Two waves of underage and pseudo-intoxicated purchase attempts were conducted pre-and postintervention in the five intervention bars and nine matched control bars. Underage sales decreased by 11.5%, and sales to pseudo-intoxicated buyers decreased by 46%. Results were in the hypothesized direction but not statistically significant. A one-on-one, outlet-specific training program for owners and managers is a promising way to reduce illegal alcohol sales, particularly to obviously intoxicated individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)186-199
Number of pages14
JournalHealth Education and Behavior
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2001


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