Progressive myocardial dysfunction associated with increased vascular resistance.

J. A. Franciosa, R. Heckel, C. Limas, J. N. Cohn

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27 Scopus citations

Abstract

To study heart failure from a myocardial lesion, we injected glass beads into the circumflex coronary artery of 11 conscious dogs and followed hemodynamics for 10 mo. Heart rate remained unchanged. Control mean arterial pressure of 112.3 +/- 3.0 (SE) mmHg was unchanged at 1 and 3 mo, but rose to 127.2 +/- 8.5 to 84.0 +/- 7.6 ml . kg-1 . min-1 at 10 mo (P < 0.02), but was unchanged at 1 and 3 mo. Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) averaged 4.6 +/- 0.8 mmHg at control and rose to 11.8 +/- 1.4 mmHg at 1 mo and 14.9 +/- 2.5 mmHg at 10 mo (both P < 0.01). Systemic vascular resistance rose significantly by 10 mo. The ratio of stroke work to LVEDP fell from 13.1 +/- 0.1 at control to 3.8 +/- 0.5 by 10 mo (P < 0.01). In this dog model, left ventricular dysfunction is manifest early by increased LVEDP and later by high systemic vascular resistance with low cardiac output, thus suggesting a role of the peripheral circulation in the progression of heart failure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H477-H482
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume239
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1980

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