Progress in individualizing autologous islet isolation techniques for pediatric islet autotransplantation after total pancreatectomy in children for chronic pancreatitis

Joshua J. Wilhelm, Appakalai N. Balamurugan, Melena D. Bellin, James S. Hodges, Jessica Diaz, Sarah Jane Schwarzenberg, Zachary A. Swanson, Marie E. Cook, Elissa M. Downs, David E.R. Sutherland, Bernhard J. Hering, Srinath Chinnakotla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Total pancreatectomy with islet autotransplantation is performed to treat chronic pancreatitis in children. Successful islet isolation must address the challenges of severe pancreatic fibrosis and young donor age. We have progressively introduced modifications to optimize enzymatic and mechanical dissociation of the pancreas during islet isolation. We evaluated 2 islet isolation metrics in 138 children—digest islet equivalents per gram pancreas tissue (IEQ/g) and digest IEQ per kilogram body weight (IEQ/kg), using multiple regression to adjust for key disease and patient features. Islet yield at digest had an average 4569 (standard deviation 2949) islet equivalent (IEQ)/g and 4946 (4009) IEQ/kg, with 59.1% embedded in exocrine tissue. Cases with very low yield (<2000 IEQ/g or IEQ/kg) have decreased substantially over time, 6.8% and 9.1%, respectively, in the most recent tertile of time compared to 19.2% and 23.4% in the middle and 34.1% and 36.4% in the oldest tertile. IEQ/g and IEQ/kg adjusted for patient and disease factors improved in consistency and yield in the modern era. Minimal mechanical disruption during digestion, warm enzymatic digestion using enzyme collagenase:NP activity ratio < 10:1, coupled with extended distension and trimming time during islet isolation of younger and fibrotic pediatric pancreases, gave increased islet yield with improved patient outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)776-786
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Transplantation
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons

Copyright:
Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • clinical research/ practice
  • diabetes
  • islet isolation
  • pediatrics

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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