Prograde reactions and garnet zoning reversals in staurolite schist, British Columbia: significance for thermobarometric interpretations

D. L. WHITNEY, E. D. GHENT

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14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Abstract An outcrop of staurolite‐bearing pelitic schist from the Solitude Range in the south‐western Rocky Mountains, British Columbia, was examined in order to determine the nature of prograde garnet‐ and staurolite‐producing reactions using information from garnet zoning and inclusion mineralogy. Although not present as a matrix phase, chloritoid is present as inclusions in garnet and is interpreted to have participated in the simultaneous growth of garnet and staurolite by a reaction such as chloritoid + quartz = garnet + staurolite + H2O. A garnet zoning trend reversal, which is most pronounced with respect to almandine and grossular components, is present in the outer core of garnets. The location of the zoning reversal corresponds to the outer limit of chloritoid inclusions in garnet. As there is no evidence for polymetamorphism, the zoning reversal is interpreted to indicate continued garnet growth by prograde reaction(s) during a single metamorphic event after the exhaustion of chloritoid as a matrix phase. Metamorphic conditions recorded by mineral rim compositions are 550–600° C at 6–7 kbar. Because there is no evidence for partial resorption of garnet during production of staurolite, we interpret these results to represent peak conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)779-788
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Metamorphic Geology
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1993

Keywords

  • British Columbia
  • chloritoid
  • garnet zoning
  • pelitic schist
  • staurolite

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