Prognostic impact of beta-2 microglobulin in patients with extranodal natural killer/T cell lymphoma.

Changhoon Yoo, Dok Hyun Yoon, Jae Cheol Jo, Shinkyo Yoon, Shin Kim, Bong Jae Lee, Jooryung Huh, Sang Wook Lee, Cheolwon Suh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although serum beta-2 microglobulin (B2M) has been suggested as an independent prognostic factor for several lymphoproliferative diseases, it has rarely been investigated in extranodal natural killer/T cell lymphoma (ENKTL). From a prospectively collected database, 145 patients with ENKTL were identified. Among them, a total of 101 patients were included in the analysis, with exclusion of patients without baseline serum B2M level and those did not receive anticancer therapy. Serum B2M (<3.0 vs. ≥3.0 mg/L) was analyzed for association with overall survival (OS). Seventy-nine (78 %) patients had nasal ENKTL, and 22 (22 %) had extranasal ENKTL. In overall patients, median OS was 26.7 months (95 % confidence interval (CI), not assessable), with a median follow-up of 32.4 months (range, 0.9-155.2 months). While median OS was not reached in patients with nasal ENKTL, extranasal ENKTL group had median OS of 5.1 months (95 % CI, 1.2-8.9 months; p < 0.001). Baseline serum B2M was significantly associated with OS in patients with nasal ENKTL (p < 0.001). This was consistent in limited (stages I and II) nasal ENKTL (p = 0.002) and disseminated (stages III and IV) nasal ENKTL (p = 0.02). However, there was no difference of OS in extranasal ENKTL patients (p = 0.69). In multivariate analysis including other prognostic factors, elevated serum B2M was significantly associated with poor OS (hazard ratio (HR) = 3.8, 95 % CI 1.7-8.2, p = 0.001, in a model including Korean Prognostic Index, and HR = 3.6, 95 % CI 1.6-8.2, p = 0.002, in a model including International Prognostic Index). In patients with nasal ENKTL, baseline serum B2M is a powerful prognostic factor. The prognostic value of B2M was independent of previously established prognostic models. Further investigations are necessary to validate the role of B2M in ENKTL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)995-1000
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of hematology
Volume93
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2014
Externally publishedYes

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